Affects of plants on Nitrate, Nitrite and Ammonia levels in a Fresh Water Aquarium

This topic submitted by Shannon Kisha, Heather Storer, Matthew Dudzik ( ) on 2/4/02 .

Affects of Plants on Nitrate, Nitrite, and Ammonia levels in a Fresh Water Aquarium

I. Research Question

How will plants and fish affect the levels of nitrate, nitrite, and ammonia in three different set-ups of fresh water aquariums? What is the importance for monitoring nitrate levels of water?

II. Hypothesis

The tank with only a plant should have the lowest levels of nitrate. The tank with the fish and plant will have the next higher level of nitrate. The tank with the fish will have the highest level of nitrate.

III. Research Design

To begin with, we will set up three tanks. Tank 1 will have a plant. Tank 2 will have a fish. Tank 3 will have a fish and a plant. We will test the water daily for levels of nitrate, nitrite, and ammonia using test kits available at pet stores. We are also researching the effects of nitrate in aquarium water, methods of controlling nitrate levels in larger aquarium set-ups, and the importance of monitoring nitrate levels. After collecting the data, we will organize it by plotting the data in graphs.

IV. Sources

Johnson, Carl J. MD, et al. “Fatal Outcome of Methemoglobinemia in an Infant.” JAMA 257 (1987): 2796-2797.

Hudak, Paul F. “Chloride and Nitrate Distributions in the Hickory Aquifer, Central Texal, USA.” Environmental International 25 (1999): 393-401.

Wendel, Tom and Rachel Austin. Environmental Science and Technology 35: 328A.

Hughes, K.D. Analytical Chemistry 65 (1993): 883A- 889A.

Soletchnik, Patrick, et al. “Hydrobiology of the Marennes-Oleron bay. Seasonal indices and analysis of trend from 1978 to 1995.” Hydrobiologia 386 (1998): 131-146.

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