Revised "History of Costa Rica, and Reasons for the Absence of Military Force"

This discussion topic submitted by Trevor Herron ( at 2:52 pm on 3/7/01. Additions were last made on Saturday, May 4, 2002.

I am going to tell the class about the history of Costa Rica, focusing on the reasons why the country doesn't have a strong military. I was thinking about giving a rather broad view of the history of the country at the beginning of the paper and presentation, because I am sure that there will be some students who don't know much about it. I think this topic will help other students and me to realize where we are, and how Costa Rica has become what it is. I want to focus on the lack of military force, because I think that this is one of the most intriguing qualities of the nation. I still have much research to do, but the outline gives a basic idea of what I am interested in presenting.

I. Intro
a. Relevance of a country not having a strong military
b. Importance of history in the development of an unarmed nation.
II. Body
a. Early history
i. Pre-columbian era
ii. Colonial era
iii. Independence from Spain
iv. Rule of General Guardia
v. Shift to democracy
vi. Civil war
b. Reform and the modern era
i. Don Pepe, the principle reformer
ii. Social and economic progress
iii. Welfare, the nations largest employer
iv. Refusal to support a standing army
1. Pressure from US
2. Pressure from Nicaragua
III. Conclusion
a. How did the history of the nation lead up to the absence of a military.

Bird, Leonard A. Costa Rica, the unarmed democracy. London: Sheppard Press, 1984.
Helmuth, Chalene. Culture and customs of Costa Rica. Greenwood Press, 2000.
Biesanz, John Berry. Costa Rican Life. New York, Columbia University Press.

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It is 3:05:02 AM on Tuesday, April 23, 2019. Last Update: Saturday, May 4, 2002