Mangroves Draft #1

This topic submitted by Ryan Banks ( TithoniaSundance@aol.com) at 10:50 AM on 5/15/02.

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Tropical Field Courses -Western Program-Miami University


Mangroves: ╩They're actual REALLY cool!!!

I. ╩Past and Future of Mangroves
╩ ╩ ╩ A. ╩Discovery
╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ 1. ╩Wonder and Curiousity
╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ 2. ╩Indigenous knowledge
╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ 3. ╩Analysis and Discoveries
╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ a. ╩Different types of Mangroves
╩ ╩ ╩ B. ╩Present State of Mangroves
╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ 1. ╩Benefits
╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ a. ╩Ecosystems
╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩(1). ╩Plants (epiphitic alga)
╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩(2). ╩Animals
╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ (a). ╩Marine
╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ (b). ╩Terrestrial
╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ b. ╩Erosion issues
╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ 2. ╩Physiological Processes
╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ a. ╩Salt/Water Relations
╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ (1). ╩Case study - Bruguiera gymnorrhiza
╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ (2). ╩Case study - Avicennia marina
╩ ╩ ╩ C. ╩Human Influence
╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ 1. ╩Greenhouse Effect
╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ 2. ╩Deforestation
╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ a. ╩Wood products
╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ b. ╩Human settlement
╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ c. ╩Boats
II. ╩Mangrove Life Cylcle
╩ ╩ ╩ A. ╩Reproduction
╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ 1. ╩Pollination
╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ 2. ╩Fertilization
╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ a. ╩Propagule formation
╩ ╩ ╩ B. ╩Propagule Establishment
╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ 1. ╩Necessary conditions
╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ 2. ╩Viability
╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ a. ╩Seed dispersal
╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ (1). ╩Biotic
╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ (2). ╩Abiotic
╩ ╩ ╩ C. ╩Distributional Patterns
╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ 1. ╩Case study - Distributional patterns in a Costa Rican estuary
III. ╩Mangrove Structure and Function
╩ ╩ ╩ A. ╩Tissues
╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ 1. ╩Stems
╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩a. ╩Trunk
╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩b. ╩Branches
╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩c. ╩Leaves
╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩d. ╩Flowers
╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ ╩ 2. ╩Roots
╩ ╩ ╩B. ╩Seeds/Propagules
╩ ╩ ╩C. ╩Specialized tissues
IV. ╩ Conclusion


References

Hanagata, Nabutaka; Takemura, Taro; Karube, Isao; Dubinsky, Zvy. ╩"Salt/Water Relationships in Mangroves." ╩Israel Journal of Plant Sciences. ╩47 (2) 2 1999, 63-76. ╩Abstract..

Duke, N.C.; A.E. Schwarsbach. ╩"Life on the edge: ╩Past and Future of Mangroves." ╩Wetlands Ecology and Management 9: 159, 2001.

Hanagata, Nabutaka; Takemura, Taro; Karube, Isao; Dubinsky, Zvy. ╩"Physiological and Biochemical responses to salt stress in the mangrove, Bruguiera gymnorrhiza." Aquatic Botany 68 (2000) 15-28..

Delgado, P.; Hensel, P.F.; Jimenez, J.A.; Day, J.W. ╩"The importance of propagule establishment and physical factors in mangrove distributional patterns in a Costa Rican estuary." Aquatic Botany 71 (2001) 157-178..

Tuffers, A.; Naidoo, G.; Willert, D.J. ╩"Low salinities adversely affect photosynthetic performance of the mangrove, Avicennia marina." ╩Wetlands Ecology and Management 9:225-232, 2001.

Karsten, Ulf; Sawall, Thomas; West, John; Wienke, Christian. ╩"Ultraviolet sunscreen compounds in epiphitic red algae from mangroves." ╩Hydrobiologia 432: 159-171, 2000.

Anonymous. ╩"Halophytes and Xerohalophytes." ╩.

Anonymous. ╩"Mangroves ---- more than mud and mozzies!" ╩.


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