Natural history of Dendrobates pumilio-strawberry poison dart frog

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This discussion topic submitted by Jennifer Weiskittle ( at 10:56 pm on 3/19/02. Additions were last made on Wednesday, May 7, 2014.

I am going to discuss a few aspects of the strawberry poison dart frog. A brief overview of natural history and toxicity with focus on extended parental care. In addition, I will discuss some biodiversity outreach and bioprospecting that is occurring in Costa Rica for flora/fauna and possible future threats to the strawberry poison dart frog.

A. Natural history of D. pumilio
1. geographic location
2. diet
3. breeding season

B. Toxicity
1. acquiring toxicity
2. captive studies
3. types of toxins

C. Parental care
1. extended care
2. male and female care
3. territorial
a. tadpoles
b. males

D. Biodiversity
1. conservation efforts
2. biodiversity education
3. bioprospecting

E. Future Threats
1. climate change
2. deforestation


1. Dorcas, Michael and J. Todd.2000. Poison Dart Frogs and Their Toxins. Davidson College. 3-8-2002.

2. INBio (Instituto Nacional de Biodiverseidad). 2002. Biodiversity Prospecting. Retrieved: 3-8-2002.

3. Prohl, Heiki and Walter Hodl. 1999. Parental investment, potential reproductive rates, and mating system in the strawberry dart-poison frog, Dendrobates pumilio. Behav Ecol Sociobiol. 46: 215-220.

4. Prohl, Heiki and Olaf Berke. 2001. Spatial distributions of male and female strawberry poison frogs and their relation to female reproductive resources. Oecologia. 129: 534-542.

5. Sittenfeld, Ana, Ana Mercedes Espinoza, Miguel Munoz, and Alejandro Zamora. Costa Rica: Challenges and Opportunities in Biotechnology and Biodiversity. Retrieved: 3-8-2002.

6. Woodland Park Zoo. 2001. Animal Fact Sheets: Poison Dart Frog. Retrieved: 3-7-2002.

7. World Bank Group. 2000. Costa Rica: Forest Strategy and the Evolution of Land Use. Retrieved: 3-8-2002.

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