Ecotourism in Costa Rica: A Country's Response

This topic submitted by Hallie Primrose ( at 10:12 PM on 5/18/03.

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Tropical Field Courses -Western Program-Miami University

I. What is ecotourism
a. Definition
b. Nature-based tourism
c. Examples
II. Why in Costa Rica
a. Biodiversity in Costa Rica
b. Tourism increase in Costa Rica
c. Effect on Costa Rica
III. Costa Rica’s response
a. Programs
b. Benefits of programs
c. “Greenwashers” and response
IV. Causes for Concern
a. Year-round tourism
b. Increased tourism affect on environment
c. Increased tourism affect on image
V. Outlook on future of tourism.


Baez, A. Sky Walk Sky Trek: a Costa Rica community project. Mountain Research and Development. 2002. Vol 22:2 pp. 128-131

Biodiversity of Costa Rica. Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad (InBio). 2003.

Campbell, L. Conservation narratives in Costa Rica: Conflict and Coexistence. Unpublished?

Inman, C. The case of ecotourism in Costa Rica. United Nations environmental programme report. 1998.

Lopez-Espinoza de los Monteros, R. Evaluating ecotourism in natural protected areas … Biodiversity and Conservation. 2002. Vol. 11 pp. 1539-1550

Menkhaus S., Lober , D. International Ecotourism and the Valuation of Tropical Rainforests in Costa Rica. Journal of Environmental Management. 1996. Vol. 47:1 pp. 1-10

Wight, P. North American Ecotourists: not a homogenous market segment. The Encyclopedia of Ecotourism. 2001. Weaver, D. (ed) CAB International, Wallingford. 37-62

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