A beautiful sunset over Grahams Harbor, San Salvador, Bahamas. See other beautiful phenomena from the Bahamas.
The mangrove forests are an essential component of the tropical and subtropical coastlines. The forests acts as an intermediary between the open ocean and the coast helping to prevent erosion and provide protection from sever weather. Mangrove forests also form an incredibly diverse and complex habitat, which includes nursery grounds for fish/marine invertebrates, and provides shelter and nesting areas for birds. Mangrove forests are a critical part of coastal/marine ecology.
I. Introduction to Mangrove forests?
a.What are Mangroves?
i.Species types in S. Florida and Caribbean: Red, White, Black
b.Where are the Found?
i.Tropical and Subtropical Coastlines
II.Mangroves and the Coastline
a.The effect of Sea level
c.Protecting the coast and the open ocean
III.Mangroves as a Habitat
a.The inter-tidal zone
Department of Environmental Protection, Florida Marine Research Institute.
Duke, Norman C. “Gap creation and regenerative processes driving diversity and
Structure of mangrove ecosystems”. Wetlands Ecology and Management 9
Kluwer Academic Publishers. (2001): 257–269.
Kovacs, John Michael. “Assessing mangrove use at the local scale”. Landscape and
Urban Planning 43 (1999): 201-208.
Mangrove Action Project. http://www.earthisland.org/map/mngec.htm
Ronnback, Patrik “The ecological basis for economic value of seafood production
supported by mangrove ecosystems.” Ecological Economics. 29 (1999): 235–
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