Ohio 2003 Standards-Based Science Curriculum for Montessori School for Grades 4,5,6 (Final)

This topic submitted by Penny Greenler ( pgreenler@cinci.rr.com) at 10:48 PM on 7/21/03.

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Ohio 2003 Standards-Based Science Curriculum for Montessori School for Grades 4,5,6

Goal: integrate four curriculums with the new Ohio Science Standards (2003)
Montessori curriculum (see 9-12 albums)/ Miami University Teaching With Toys Curriculums / Project Dragonfly (http://www.units.miamioh.edu/dragonfly) / Tropical Marine Ecology

Overview:
1. develop hands-on inquiry lessons for Montessori curriculum that match the standards (Montessori needs hands-on inquiry lessons / work developed for the ?cosystems?/ ?ound?/ ?eredity?/ ?ood chains & webs?/ ?enewable & nonrenewable sources of energy?
2. experiments have a variable that is measurable...change Montessori ?xperiments?& investigations into real experiments
3. incorporate math into as many lessons as possible / use metric measurement for all science experiments & activities / the students will use accurate measurements for practice even when it is not required / teacher can correlate to American Units orally so students can make the connection
4. teach scientific process ( safety rules, appropriate tools, observation using all the senses, vocabulary, note taking / experiment notebook etc) for the first month
5. What is the difference between fourth grade and sixth grade chemistry in the Ohio Standards?
6. What are the student teacher resources recommended by the State for teaching the standards?
7. photosynthesis taught under chemical changes / plant physiology
8. also check Dragonfly HOT LINKS for helpful web sites http://www.units.miamioh.edu/dragonfly/links.shtml


Fourth Grade
Earth Systems
1. Explain that air surrounds us, takes up space, moves around us as wind, and may be measured using barometric pressure
Montessori: ?Meteorology ?/ #1 Air Pressure / #2 Air Pressure depends on Altitude / Presentation: How Air Pressure is Measured / Presentation: The Layers of the Earth? Atmosphere / Presentation: Composition of the Atmosphere / # 3 Measuring the Amount of Oxygen in the Air / #4 How the Sun Heats the Earth? Surface / # 5 How does Hot Air Move? / Presentation: The Coriolos Effect / Presentation: High and Low Pressure / #6 Do Soil and Air Heat Up Identically?
Teaching Physical Science Through Children? Literature: Catch the Wind

2. identify how water exists in the air in different forms (clouds, fog, rain, snow, hal)
Dragonfly: ?ce and Snow?/ Greetings from Antarctica / Make a Snowflake

3. investigate how water changes from one state to another (freezing, melting, condensation, evaporation)
Dragonfly: Water Cycle Investigations /
Dragonfly: ?ce and Snow?/ Why does Ice Float? / Why is Ice Slippery?
Montessori: ?eteorology ?/ The Water Cycle Model / #8 Evaporation and What Affects It
Montessori: ?eteorology ? / # 10 How is humidity measured? / Presentation: Precipitation symbols / Presentation: Air masses and fronts
Teaching Physical Science Through Children? Literature: Make a Cloud, Exploring with Cloud Bottles, Water Cycle Model,

4. describe the weather by measurable quantities - temperature, wind direction, wind speed, precipitation, barometric pressure
Montessori: ?eteorology ?Presentation: The Measurement of Heat
Montessori: ?eteorology ? / # 10 How is humidity measured?
Montessori: Meteorology ? / # 7 Measuring Wind Speed

5. record local weather information on a calendar and describe changes over a period of time (barometric pressure, temperature, precipitation symbols, cloud conditions)
Montessori: ?eteorology ?/ Presentation: Precipitation symbols
Teaching Physical Science Through Children? Literature: Weather Forecasters

6. Trace how weather patterns generally move from the east to the east in the U.S.
Montessori: ?eteorology ? / Presentation: Weather Maps

7. describe the weather which accompanies cumulus, cumulonimbus, cirrus and stratus clouds
Montessori: Meteorology Weather Experiments / # 9 Do clouds form when air pressure rises or falls?

Fifth Grade
Earth Systems
1. explain how the supply of many non-renewable resources is limited and can be extended through reducing, reusing and recycling but cannot be extended indefinitely
Montessori: Composting

2. investigate ways Earth? renewable resources (fresh water, air, wildlife and trees) can be maintained
Dragonfly: ?Trees and Seeds?
Sixth Grade
Earth Systems
Montessori: ?eology?/Presentations: Introduction to the Mineral Kingdom, Specific Weight, Weighing Objects, Displacement of Objects, Density, Density of Liquids, Finding Specific Weight of Minerals, Layers of the Earth, Plate Tectonics, Igneous Rocks, Sedimentary rocks, Metamorphic Rocks, The Rock Cycle,
1. describe the rock cycle and explain that there are sedimentary, igneous and metamorphic rocks that have distinct properties (color, texture) and are formed in different ways
Montessori: ?eology?Presentations: Igneous Rocks, Sedimentary rocks, Metamorphic Rocks,The Rock Cycle,
Tropical Marine Ecology: Fossilization of Sand Dunes on San Salvador by Rain Water & Lower Sea Level
Dragonfly: ?keletons?/ Where do Fossils Form?

2. explain that rocks are made of one or more minerals
3. identify minerals by their characteristic properties
Montessori: ?eology?/ Presentations: Hardness Testing, Streak Testing, Luster,

Fourth Grade
Processes that Shape the Earth

8. describe how wind, water and ice shape and reshape Earth? land surface by eroding rock and soil in some areas and depositing them in other areas producing characteristic land forms (dunes, deltas, glacial moraines)
Montessori: ?Functional Geography?/ Atmosphere / The Work of Air / The Hydrosphere / Rain / Rivers / The Work of Water / The Work of Ice
Tropical Marine Ecology: Fossilization of Sand Dunes on San Salvador

9. identify and describe how freezing and thawing and plant growth reshape the land surface by causing the weathering of rock
Montessori: ?unctional Geography?/ The Work of Ice
Tropical Marine Ecology: Biogenic Erosion

10. describe evidence of changes on the Earth? surface in terms of slow processes (erosion, weathering, mountain building and deposition) and rapid processes ( volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, landslides)
Montessori: ?eology?/Presentations: Layers of the Earth, Plate Tectonics,Earthquakes,
Tropical Marine Ecology: Fossilization of Sand Dunes on San Salvador by Rain Water & Lower Sea Level
Tropical Marine Ecology: Bat Cave & Lighthouse Caves

Fifth Grade
The Universe
1. describe how night and day are caused by the earth? rotation
Montessori: ?unctional Geography?/ The Solar System
Montessori: ?unctional Geography?/Movement of the Earth

2. explain the Earth is one of several planets to orbit the sun and that the moon orbits the Earth
Montessori: ?unctional Geography?/ The Solar System / Movement of the Earth
Dragonfly: ?pace?/The Moon Lab
Dragonfly: ?aseball in Space?
3. describe the characteristics of the Earth and its orbit about the sun (3/4 covered by water, some of it frozen; entire planet surrounded by a thin blanket of air, elliptical orbit, tilted axis, spherical planet)
Montessori: ?unctional Geography?/ Movement of the Earth

4. explain that stars are like the sun, some being smaller and some larger but so far away they look like points of light
Montessori: ?unctional Geography?/ The Solar System
Tropical Marine Ecology: Astronomy - The Summer Sky


Sixth Grade


Fourth Grade
Heredity
1. compare the life cycles of different plants including germination, maturity, reproduction, death

Montessori: Botany Experiments
Dragonfly: ?amily Ties?/ People and Plants
Tropical Marine Ecology: Viviparous Reproduction of Red mangrove Tree
Tropical Marine Ecology: Algae Study

Fifth Grade

Sixth Grade
Heredity
4. recognize that an individual organism does not live forever, therefore reproduction is necessary for continuation of every species and traits are passed on to the next generation through reproduction
Dragonfly: Link to Cell Division Animation & Asexual / Sexual Reproduction http://ecology.miningco.com/library/gallery/blmeiosisimages.htm

5. describe that in asexual reproduction all the inherited traits come from a single parent

6. describe that in sexual reproduction an egg and sperm unit and some traits come from each parent, so the offspring is never identical to either of its parents

7. recognize that likenesses between parents and offspring (eye color, flower color) are inherited. Other likenesses, such as table manners are learned
Dragonfly: ?amily Ties? Genetics, Mendel / Like Mother Like Son / I?l Be Monkey? Uncle,

Fourth Grade
Diversity & Interdependence of Life
2. relate plant structures to their specific functions (growth, survival, reproduction)
Montessori: ?otany?/ Presentations:. Roots, Stems, Buds. leaves, Flowers, Corolla, Calyx, Stamen, Pistil, Fruit, Seeds
Montessori: ?otany?/ Experiment Command Cards
Teaching Chemistry with Toys: Magic Worms (capillary action)
Science Projects for Holidays Throughout the Year - (capillary action) Chromatography of Autumn Colors , Brrr! Winter Can Be Freezing, Spring into Capillary Action, Magic Trees for Arbor Day
Investigating Solids, Liquids and Gases with Toys: (capillary action) Crystals from Solutions
Tropical Marine Ecology: Mangrove Trees
Tropical Marine Ecology: Algae Study

3. classify common plants according to their characteristics (tree leaves, flowers, seeds, roots, stems)
Dragonfly: ?Trees and Seeds?Montessori: ?otany?/ Presentation: Taxonomy
Tropical Marine Ecology: Algae Study

4. observe and explore that fossils provide evidence about plants that lived long ago and the nature of the environment at that time
Montessori: ?otany?/ Presentation: Plants on the Time Line of Life / Presentation: Importance of the First Plants

5. describe how organisms interact with one another in various ways (many plants depend on animals for carrying pollen and dispersing seeds)
Tropical Marine Ecology - Lagoon Algae Study / Importance of Algae / Marine Grasses /
Everglades

Fifth Grade
Diversity & Interdependence of Life
1. describe the role of producers in the transfer of energy entering ecosystems as sunlight to chemical energy through photosynthesis
Montessori: ?otany?/ Leaves & The Chemical Laboratory
Tropical Marine Ecology: Algae Study

2. explain how almost all kinds of animals food can be traced back to plants

3. trace the organization of simple food chains and food webs (carnivores, producers, herbivores, omnivores, decomposers)
Dragonfly: ?ebs of Life?/ Spider Island Paradise / Backyard Islands
Tropical Marine Ecology: Everglades / Coral Reefs / Mangrove Swamps

4. summarize that organisms can survive only in ecosystems in which their needs can be met (food, water, shelter, air, carrying capacity, waste disposal). The world has different ecosystems and distinct ecosystems support the lives of different types of organisms.
Montessori ?oology?: Review Animal Classification
Montessori ?oology?Presentations: Five Kingdoms /Biomes /
Tropical Marine Ecology: Mangrove Swamp
Tropical Marine Ecology: Lagoon
Tropical Marine Ecology: Everglades
Tropical Marine Ecology: Coral Reef
Tropical Marine Ecology: Intertidal Zones

5. support how an organisms ecosystem, including all kinds and numbers of other organisms present, availability of food and resources, the changing physical characteristics of the ecosystem
Montessori ?oology?: Review Animal Classification
Montessori ?oology?Presentations: Five Kingdoms /Biomes /
Tropical Marine Ecology: Mangrove Swamp
Tropical Marine Ecology: Lagoon
Tropical Marine Ecology: Everglades
Tropical Marine Ecology: Coral Reef
Tropical Marine Ecology: Intertidal Zones

6. analyze how all organisms, including humans, cause changes in their ecosystems and how these changes can be beneficial, neutral or detrimental (e.g. beaver ponds, earthworm burrows, grasshoppers eating plants, people planting and cutting trees, people introducing new species)
Dragonfly: ?aving the Planet? Rescuing Sea Otters / Helping With Fire / Recycling: How Can You Help? / Firefighters Need Your Help
Dragonfly: ?ater?/ Water Pollution / What Happens When You Flush
Tropical Marine Ecology: Everglades (Burns , Freshwater Influx, Revitalization)
Tropical Marine Ecology: Coral Reef (Spear fishing, SCUBA diving, shipwrecks)

Sixth Grade
Diversity & Interdependence of Life
8. describe how organisms may interact with one another
Montessori ?oology?/ Review Animal Classification
Montessori ?oology?Presentations: Five Kingdoms /Biomes / Tree of Life
Tropical Marine Ecology: Mangrove Swamp
Tropical Marine Ecology: Lagoon
Tropical Marine Ecology: Everglades
Tropical Marine Ecology: Coral Reef
Tropical Marine Ecology: Intertidal Zones
Characteristics & Structure of Life

1. explain that many of the basic functions of organisms are carried over by or within cells and are similar in all organisms

2. explain that multicellular organisms have a variety of specialized cells, tissues, organs and organ systems that perform specialized functions

3. identify how plant cells differ from animal cells (cell wall, chloroplasts)
Montessori: ?oology?/Presentations:The Cell


Fourth Grade
Nature of Matter
Montessori: ?hemistry?/ Presentation: The Creation of the Elements / Constructing the Bohr model / Exploring the Atom /
1. identify characteristics of simple physical change (heating or cooling can change water from one state to another and the change is reversible)
Montessori: ?hemistry?/ # 1 Physical Changes / #3 What is a Mixture? / #4 Can you separate parts of a Mixture? / #5 What is a Solution? / # 6 Does a Solution Pass thought Filter Paper? / Presentation: Vocabulary - Solutions, Suspensions, Colloids / #7 How Soluble are Different Materials in Hot or Cold Water?
Dragonfly: ?ater?The Water Cycle
Science Projects for Holidays Throughout the Year: Brr! Winter Can Be Freezing, Candle-Making for Kwanzaa, Give Thanks for Corn!, Mother? Day Film Canister Sachets


2. identify characteristics of simple chemical change. When a new material is made by combining two or more materials, it has chemical properties that are different from the original materials (burning paper, vinegar and baking soda)
Montessori: ?hemistry?/ #2 Chemical Changes / Presentation: Chemical Bonds/ Presentation: Acid, Bases and Indicators / #8 Testing Acids / #9 Testing Bases / #10 Phenolphthalein / #11 Identifying Acids and Bases / Presentation: A Chemical Change / #12 Chemical Reactions / # 13 Generating and Testing Carbon Dioxide / #14 Another Test for Carbon Dioxide / #15 Generating and Testing for Oxygen / #16 Oxidation of Iron / #17 Testing Foods for Starch / #18 Testing food for Fats / #19 Making Fehling? Solution / #20 Testing Foods for Sugars / #21 Testing Foods for Proteins
Montessori: ?otany?/ Leaves & The Chemical Laboratory / Root Hairs

3. describe objects by the properties of the materials from which they are made and that these properties can be used to separate or sort a group of objects (paper, glass, plastic, metal)
Teaching Chemistry with Toys - (polymers) Properties of Silly Putty, Salt Solutions and Grow Creatures, Plastics Do Differ! Shape Shifters,
Exploring Matter with Toys: (polymers) Gluep
Teaching Physical Science Through Children? Literature: (polymers) Shrinky Plastic, Growing Gators,
Teaching Chemistry with Toys: (crystals) - Crystal Pictures,
Teaching Chemistry with Toys (density) - Clay Boats, Density Batons, The Diving Whale, Expanding Floating Bubbles, Frustration Bottles, The Liquid Timer Race, Pencil Hydrometers, Unfixed and Fixed Shapes
Teaching Chemistry with Toys - (immiscibility) Density Bottles
Teaching Chemistry with Toys: (polar and nonpolar substances) - Density Bottles, Frustration Bottles, Mysterious Sand, Paint with Water Books, Sumi Nagashi
Science Projects for Holidays Throughout the Year - Birthday Water Globes, Candle Making for Kwanzaa, Give Thanks for Corn!, Secret Valentine Messages, Recycling Paper for Earth Day, Pinata Making for Cinco de Mayo, Easter Egg Geodes , Magic Trees for Arbor Day,

4. explain that matter has different states (solid, liquid, gas) and that each state has distinct physical properties
Dragonfly: ?ce and Snow?/Why is Ice Slippery? / Why does Ice Float?
Dragonfly: ?ake Flight?/ Design a Person Powered Aircraft / Build and Test Your Own Paper Airplane
Dragonfly: ?ater? / Learn about the Earth? Water Cycle
States / Properties of Matter:
Exploring Matter with Toys: Balloon in a Bottle, Corn Starch Putty, Feely Balloons, Fixed and Unfixed Shapes, Food That Pops, Gluep, I can Sense You Like Popcorn, A Jar Full of Mystery, Smelly Balloons
Investigating Solids, Liquids and Gases with Toys: Balloon in a Bottle, Bedbugs, Burping Bottle, Crystals from Solutions, Marshmallow in a Syringe, Moving Molecules, Mystery Eggs, Non-Newtonian Fluids - Liquids or Solids?, Properties of Matter, Rock Candy Crystals, Showing That Air Has Mass, Tissue in a Cup
Teaching Physical Science Through Children? Literature: Make a Cloud, Exploring with Cloud Bottles, Water Cycle Model, Glitter Wands
Mixtures:
Teaching Physical Science Through Literature: Babushka? Eggs?eriment, Chromatography, Iron for Breakfast, Kente Chromatography
Teaching Chemistry with Toys: Chromatography Color Burst, Density Bottles, Frustration Bottles. Paint with Water, Heat Solution,
Science Projects for Holidays Throughout the Year: Easter Egg Geodes
Exploring Matter with Toys: Cornstarch Putty, A Jar Full of Mystery,
Science Standards Class Handouts: The Hole-y-ness of Matter, Separating a heterogeneous mixture, Appelemando? Dream Paper Marbling (Draft)
Science Night Family Fun from A to Z: Kooky Pencils, Inky Elevators, Quaint Paint, Tornado in a Bottle
solids:
Teaching Chemistry with Toys - Crystal Pictures, Density Batons, Clay Boats, Properties of Silly Putty,
Teaching Physics with Toys: (mass) Comparing Mass Using a Pan Scale, Floating Cans, Gravity Makes Things Fall, Measuring Mass Using a Pan Scale, The Six Cent Top
Science Projects for Holidays Throughout the Year: Birthday Water Globes, Columbus Day Challenge, Easter Egg Geodes
Exploring Energy with Toys: Cornstarch Putty, Feely Balloons, Mystery Boxes, Fixed and Unfixed Shapes
Investigating Solids, Liquids and Gases with Toys: Crystals by Freezing, Crystals from Solutions, Non-Newtonian Fluids-Solids or Liquids? Phases Changes of Carbon Dioxide, Using Dry Ice to Inflate a Balloon, Rock Candy Crystals
Teaching Physical Science Through Children? Literature: Iron For Breakfast
liquids:
Dragonfly: ?ater? / Learn about the Earth? Water Cycle / Have you Ever Seen an Insect That Walks on Water? (surface tension)

Teaching Chemistry with Toys: Unfixed and Fixed Shapes, Fortune Telling Fish, Paint with Water Books, Whirly Twirly Milk, Pencil Hydrometer, A Collection of Surface Tension Activities, One Way Screen, Waterproof Sand, Sumi Nagashi, Chromatography Color Burst, Properties of Silly Putty, Density Bottles, Frustration Bottles,
Teaching Chemistry with Toys: (mixtures) Chromatography Color Burst, Density Bottles, Frustration Bottles,
Teaching Chemistry with Toys: (surface tension) A Collection of Surface Tension Activities, The Diving Whale, One Way Screen
Teaching Physics with Toys: Floating Cans
Science Projects for Holidays Throughout the Year: Birthday Water Globes, Columbus Day Challenge, Easter Egg Geodes , Tricky April Fools Day Toys
Exploring Energy with Toys: Cornstarch Putty, Fixed and Unfixed Shapes
Investigating Solids, Liquids and Gases with Toys: Balloon into Flask Challenge, Boiling Liquids in a Syringe, Boiling Water in a Paper Pot, Boiling Water with Ice, Burping Bottle, A Cool Phase Change, Crushing an Aluminum Can, Disappearing Air Freshener, Hats off to Drinking Bird, Liquid to Gas in a Flick, Moving Molecules, Mystery Eggs, Non-Newtonian Fluids-Solids or Liquids?, Phase Changes of Carbon Dioxide, Properties of Matter
gases:
Dragonfly: ?light?/ Design a Person Powered Aircraft / Build and Test Your Own Airplane
Teaching Chemistry with Toys: Under Pressure, Water Fountain in a Jar, The Amazing Balloon Pump, Marshmallow in a Syringe, The Liquid Timer Race, Expanding Floating Bubbles, One Way Screen,
Teaching Physics with Toys: Ping Pong Puffer, Delta Dart, Stick Around
Exploring Energy with Toys: Balloon in a Bottle, Tissue in a Cup
Investigating Solids, Liquids and Gases with Toys: Balloon in a Bottle, Burping Bottle, Properties of Matter, Tissue in a Cup, Balloon into Flask Challenge, Bedbugs, Marshmallow in a Syringe, Showing that Air has Mass
Teaching Physical Science Through Children? Literature: Folded Paper Kites
phase change / change of state:
Teaching Chemistry with Toys - Crayon Prints, Smell Good Diffusion Ornaments, Smelly Balloons, Scratch and Sniff Challenge, Liquid to Gas in a ?lick? Heat Solution, Color Changing Cars, Diving Whales,
Science Projects for Holidays Throughout the Year - Give Thanks for Corn, Brrr! Winter Can Be Freezing. Candle-making for Kwanzaa, St. Patrick's Day Spuds, Recycling Paper for Earth Day, Tricky April Fools Day Toys, Magic Trees for Arbor Day, Mother? Day Film Canister Sachets
Investigating Solids, Liquids and Gases with Toys: Balloon into a Flask Challenge, Boiling Liquids in a Syringe, Boiling Water in a Paper Pot, A Cool Phase Change, Crushing an Aluminum Can, Crystals by Freezing, Disappearing Air Freshener, Hat off to Drinking Bird, Liquid to a Gas in a Flick, Phase Changes of Carbon Dioxide, Using Dry Ice to Inflate a Balloon

Fifth Grade

Sixth Grade
Nature of Matter
1. explain that equal volumes of different substances usually have different masses

2. describe that in a chemical change new substances are formed with different properties than the original substance (burning, rusting)
Montessori: ?hemistry?/ # 1 Physical Changes / #3 What is a Mixture? / #4 Can you separate parts of a Mixture? / #5 What is a Solution? / # 6 Does a Solution Pass thought Filter Paper? / Presentation: Vocabulary - Solutions, Suspensions, Colloids / #7 How Soluble are Different Materials in Hot or Cold Water?
Teaching Chemistry with Toys: Weather Bunnies, Expanding Floating Bubbles, Investigating the Effect of Temperature on Lightsticks, Experimenting with Light Sensitive paper, The Diving Whale,
Teaching Energy with Toys: Chemical Energy Transformations
Science Projects for Holidays Throughout the Year: Chinese New Year? Poppers, St.Patrick? Day Spuds, Hot Summer Days and Those Cool Shades
Exploring Matter with Toys: Food That Pops, Gluep, A Jar Full of Mystery
Teaching Physical Science Through Children? Literature: Babushka? Eggs?eriment

3. describe that in a physical change (state, shape, size) the chemical properties of a substance
remain unchanged
Montessori: ?hemistry?/ #2 Chemical Changes / Presentation: Chemical Bonds/ Presentation: Acid, Bases and Indicators / #8 Testing Acids / #9 Testing Bases / #10 Phenolphthalein / #11 Identifying Acids and Bases / Presentation: A Chemical Change / #12 Chemical Reactions / # 13 Generating and Testing Carbon Dioxide / #14 Another Test for Carbon Dioxide / #15 Generating and Testing for Oxygen / #16 Oxidation of Iron / #17 Testing Foods for Starch / #18 Testing food for Fats / #19 Making Fehling? Solution / #20 Testing Foods for Sugars / #21 Testing Foods for Proteins
Teaching Chemistry with Toys: Salt Solutions and Grow Creatures, Heat Solution, Color Changing Cars
Science Projects for Holidays Throughout the Year: Pinata-Making for Cinco De Mayo
Exploring Matter with Toys: Fixed and Unfixed Shapes, Food that Pops, I Can Sense You Like Popcorn
4. describe that chemical and physical changes occur all around us (in the human body, cooking, industry)
Montessori: ?otany?/ Leaves & The Chemical Laboratory
Science Projects for Holidays Throughout the Year: Chinese New Year? Poppers
Teaching Physical Science Through Children? Literature: Iron For Breakfast
Teaching Physical Science Through Children? Literature: Babushka? Eggs?eriment

Fourth Grade
Nature of Energy
introduction:
Teaching Physics with Toys - Bouncing Balls, Push ? Go, The Toy That Returns, Physics with the Darda Coaster, Exploring Energy with the Explorer Gun, Bounceability, Energy Toys Learning Center, Gear Up with a Lego Heli-Tractor,
Teaching Energy with Toys - What Makes it Go? How Much Energy? Pop Can Speedster, Lady bug, Ladybug, Roll Away, Rubber Band Airplane, Slingshot Physics, The Catapult Gun, Roller Coaster, The Energy Transformation Game, Droppin?Popper,

5. compare ways the temperature of an object can be changed (rubbing, heating, bending of metal)
Montessori: ?Meteorology?/ # 1 Sunlight is a Source of Heat / # 2 Friction is a Source of Heat / Presentation: The Nature of Heat / # 3 What happens when liquids are heated? / # 4 What happens when gases are heated? / # 5 What happens when solids are heated?
Teaching Chemistry with Toys: Are Mittens Warm? Temperature Mixing,

Fifth Grade
Nature of Energy
introduction:
Montessori: ?hysics?/ Presentation: Introduction to the Forms of Energy / #1 The Steam Cannon / #2 Changing Chemical Energy to Heat Energy / Presentation: Potential and Kinetic Energy / #3 Potential and Kinetic Energy /
introduction:
Teaching Physics with Toys: Bouncing Balls, Push ? Go, The Toy That Returns, Physics with the Darda Coaster, Exploring Energy with the Explorer Gun, Bounceability, Energy Toys Learning Center, Gear Up with a Lego Heli-Tractor,
Teaching Energy with Toys: What Makes it Go? How Much Energy? Pop Can Speedster, Lady bug, Ladybug, Roll Away, Rubber Band Airplane, Slingshot Physics, The Catapult Gun, Homemade Roller Coaster, The Energy Transformation Game, Droppin?Popper,
kinds of energy:
Teaching Physics with Toys:
(elastic potential energy) Bounceability, Bouncing Balls, Energy Toys Learning Center, Exploring Energy with the Explorer Gun, Push-n-Go, The Toy That Returns
(gravitational potential energy) Bounceability, Energy Toys Learning Center, Physics with the Darda Coaster
(kinetic energy) Energy Toys Learning Center, Exploring Energy with the Explorer Gun, Push-n-Go, The Toy That Returns
Teaching Energy with Toys:
(elastic potential energy) Apply your Energy Knowledge, Bounceability, The Catapult Gun, Drop ??Popper, Exploring Energy with an Explorer Gun, How Much Energy? Ladybug, Ladybug, Roll Away, Pop Can Speedster, Rubber Band Airplane, Slingshot Physics, Squish ?m, What Makes it Go?
(gravitational potential energy) Apply Your Energy Knowledge, Bounceability, Drop ? Popper, Homemade Roller Coaster, Loop-the-Loop Challenge
(kinetic energy) Apply Your Energy Knowledge, Bounceability, The Catapult Gun, Drop ?Popper, Exploring Energy with an Explorer Gun, Homemade Roller Coaster, How Much Energy? Ladybug, Ladybug, Roll Away, Loo-the-Loop Challenge, Pop Can Speedster, Rubber Band Airplane, Slingshot Physics, The Toy That Returns, What Makes it Go?

1. define temperature as the measure of thermal energy and describe the way it is measured
Montessori: ?Meteorology?/ # 1 Sunlight is a Source of Heat / # 2 Friction is a Source of Heat / Presentation: The Nature of Heat / # 3 What happens when liquids are heated? / # 4 What happens when gases are heated? / # 5 What happens when solids are heated? / # 6 The Process of Convection / # 8 The Process of Radiation / Presentation:How Heat Travels / Presentation: The Measurement of Heat
Teaching Chemistry with Toys - Are Mittens Warm? Temperature Mixing, Liquid to Gas in a ?lick?Exploring Energy with Toys: (thermal energy) Bounceability, Chemical Energy Transformations, The Energy Transformation Game, Make Your Own Motor
2. trace how thermal energy can transfer from one object to another by conduction
Montessori: ?Meteorology?/ #7 The Process of Conduction / # 9 How do Different Metals Conduct Heat? / # 10 Heating by Conduction
Teaching Chemistry with Toys - Pop the Hood, Heat Solution, Shape Shifters, Temperature Mixing
Exploring Energy with Toys: Bounceability, Chemical Energy Transformation, The Energy Transformation Game, Make Your Own Motor


3. describe that electrical current in a circuit can produce thermal energy, light, sound and/or magnetic forces
Teaching Physics with Toys - Snap, Crackle, Pop, Magic Balloon, Levitation Using Static Electricity, Doc Shock, Mini Motor, Make Your Own Motor, Doc Shock
Science Projects for Holidays Throughout the Year - Christmas-Tree Light Toys

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