Education in Costa Rica - Draft #1

This topic submitted by Elaine Ivie ( at 5:17 PM on 3/26/04.

A beautiful nesting brown noddy on Catto Key in Grahams Harbor, San Salvador, Bahamas. See other beautiful phenomena from the Bahamas.

Tropical Field Courses -Western Program-Miami University

Costa Rica has the highest literacy in Central America. How can a country that is so rural have ways of educating its citizens? I will examine how the government has been instrumental in making an education a possibility for everyone. I will also look at how the role of education has evolved from when Costa Rica became a free nation and present time. This topic looks at how the Costa Rican education system is set up to give an education to all those who desire one. Hopefully, this will provide insight as to how other Central American countries can improve their education systems as well.

I. Structure of Schools
a) Elementary
b) High school
c) University

II. History of Education
a) 1869-1940
b) 1940-present

III. Government Involvement
a) 1869 constitution
b) President Guardia (1940-1944)
c) President Figueres (1994-1998)
d) Present day programs

IV. Conclusion


The Expansion of Primary Education, 1870-1940: Trends and Issues. Aaron Benavot; Phyllis Riddle. Sociology of Education, Vol. 61, No. 3. (Jul., 1988), pp. 191-210

The Role of Organisation and Politics in Government Financing of Education. The Effects of 'Structural Adjustment' in Latin America. Fernando Reimers. Comparative Education, Vol. 27, No. 1. (1991), pp. 35-51.

Education, Gender, and Economic Development: A Cross-National Study. Aaron Benavot. Sociology of Education, Vol. 62, No. 1, Special Issue on Gender and Education. (Jan., 1989), pp. 14-32.

The Rise and Decline of Vocational Education. Aaron Benavot. Sociology of Education, Vol. 56, No. 2. (Apr., 1983), pp. 63-76.

Elite Knowledge for the Masses: The Origins and Spread of Mathematics and Science Education in National Curricula. David H. Kamens; Aaron Benavot American Journal of Education, Vol. 99, No. 2. (Feb., 1991), pp. 137-180.

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