We had a terrific group of people in our recent course in the Bahamas
A. Family Psittacidae
3. Conservation status worldwide
II. Costa Rica species
A. Incredible bird diversity – 850 species!
B. Includes 17 species from family Psittacidae
C. Threats to survival
2. Poaching for the pet trade
3. Hunting for sport and feathers
III. Threatened species in Costa Rica
A. Scarlet macaw
1. Approximately 1000 left in the country
2. CITES Appendix 1
B. Great green macaw
1. An estimated 30 breeding pairs remain in Costa Rica
2. IUCN Redlist (vulnerable) and CITES Appendix 1
C. Yellow naped parrot
1. CITES Appendix 1
D. Red fronted parrotlet
1. IUCN Redlist (vulnerable)
IV. Conservation Efforts
A. Artificial nests out of reach of poachers
B. Tsuli (Audubon Society Chapter)
C. Richard and Marge Frisius
D. National Great Green Macaw Commission
E. Education programs
Amigos de las aves. 2005. Release sites. Online:
Anonymous. 2005. Macaw protection. Online:
Birding Club of Costa Rica. 2005. Costa Rica bird list. Online:
CITES. 2005. Listed animals – Costa Rica. Online:
Elphick, C., J.B. Dunning Jr., and D.A. Sibley. 2001. The Sibley Guide to Bird
Life and Behavior. Alfred A. Knopf: New York. 587 p.
Ginsberg, S. 2005. Costa Rica’s macaws. Birding guide. Online:
Global Crossroad. 2005. Bird conservation project. Online:
IUCN. 2005. Redlist of threatened species. Online:
Kricher, J. 1997. A Neotropical Companion. Princeton University Press:
Princeton. 451 p.
Organization for Tropical Studies. 2004. Online: http://www.ots.ac.cr/.
Peterson, R.T. and E.L. Chalif. 1973. Mexican Birds. Houghton Mifflin Company:
Boston. 298 p.
World Parrot Trust. 2002. Great Green Macaw: Flagship species of Costa Rica.
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