Draft #2: Neotropical Bat Diversity

This topic submitted by Chad Peters ( petersc1@miamioh.edu) at 1:17 AM on 5/15/06.

Jeremy touches a sea turtle at the wall break, 25 m deep, San Salvador, Bahamas.

Tropical Field Courses -Western Program-Miami University


Anyone who has read "The Neotropical Companion" should know that the Neotropics contains the greatest diversity of bats in the world. In fact 39% of the mammals in the Neotropics are bats. For my precourse project, I will be exploring a variety of topics and issues related to Costa Rica’s tremendous diversity of bats. The major focus of my paper will be to both demonstrate the great diversity of bats and explain it through the exploration of resource partitioning, niche diversity, and foraging strategies.

Outline
I. Intro.
-how many species
-discuss the most unique species (fisherman bat, vampire bat, Jamaican fruit bat)
II. Why so Diverse
-Completion breeds specialization, which breeds diversity.
–Introduce limiting factor hypothesis
–In Neotorpics food resources limiting factor.
III. Resource partioning
-Different trophic strategies.
-Different foraging strategies.
-Specialization.
-How these adaptions lead to greater diversity.
IV. Bats in ecology
-Pollination.
-Seed dispersal.
V. Bats and culture
-Contemproary veiw of bats.
–Problem of the vampire bat.
–Conservation efforts.
-bats in mythology and folklore
VI. Conservation
-how can the bats be conserved
-what is already being done
VII. Conclusion

References

Altringham, John D. Bats Biology and Behavior. New York: Oxford UP Inc., 1996.

Baker, Christopher. "Mammals." Photo.Net. 2006. Luminal Path Corporation and contributors. 26 Mar. 2006 .
Bernstein, Mike, Clint Barnett, Chris Gutshall, and Anthony Smith. "The Selection of Astrogyne Martiana Leaves for Tents by Artebius Watsonii Bats." World Class Adventures in Education. 1998. World Class Adventures In Education. 27 Mar. 2006 .
"Conserving Costa Rica's Bats." Vesatours.Com. 2002. Vesatours. 27 Mar. 2006 .
"Fisherman Bat, Bulldog Bat - NOCTILIO LEPORINUS." Americazoo.Com. America Zoo. 27 Mar. 2006 .

Kricher, John. A Neotropical Companion. Princeton, NJ: Princeton UP, 1997. 98-102.

Laval, Richard K., and Bernal Rodriguez-Herrera. "Conserving Costa Rica's Bats." Bat Conservation International (2003). 27 Mar. 2006 .
"MAMMALS." Centralamerica.Com. 2005. Moon Handbooks. 26 Mar. 2006 .

Patterson, Bruce D., Michael R. Willig, and Richard D. Stevens. "Trophic Strategies, Niche Partitioning, and Patterns of Ecological Organization." Bat Ecology. Ed. Thomas H. Kunz and M. B. Fenton. Chicago: University of Chicago P, 2003. 536-579.

"TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: the Canopy." Mongabay.Com. 2005. Rhett Butler. 27 Mar. 2006 .

Turner, Dennis C. The Vampire Bat. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins P, 1975.

Tuttle, Merlin D. "Can Rain Forests Survive Without Bats?" Bat Conservation International (1983). 27 Mar. 2006 .

"Vampire Bat (Desmodus Rotundus)." Infocostarica.Com. 2005. infocostrica. 27 Mar. 2006 .


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