Epiphytes: An Ecosystems contained in a Ecosystem

This topic submitted by Robert Welch ( welchrd@miamioh.edu) at 3:50 PM on 5/10/07.

We had a terrific group of people in our recent course in the Bahamas

Tropical Field Courses -Western Program-Miami University


Robert Welch
Epiphytes


I have done a large variety of research and have lots of notes to start my paper. Please give me any suggestions on anything that should bee added or taken out. The paper is going to emphasize the huge biodiversity that occurs in the epiphytes themselves and in the life that they host.

Introduction
What are epiphytes?
Introduce areas of growth and what they are
Variety
Different kinds of epiphytes
Over 25,000
Portion of foliage that is epiphytes
Host Trees
Not parasites to trees
System to obtain food and water
Epiphytes benefit from growing in the canopy
Host trees can benefit
Hosted Ecosystem
Ecological niche
Examples of different food webs within epiphytes
Importance to the biodiversity
Research
Many epiphytes have not been discovered
Explain how they are being researched…future
100’s are going extinct every year
Conclusion


Sources

Benavides, Ana M., Alvaro J. Duque, Joost F. Duivenvoorden, Alejandra Vasco, and Ricardo Callejas. "A First Quantitative Census of Vascular Epiphytes in Rain Forests of Colombian Amazonia." Biodiversity and Conservation (2005): 739-758.

Butler, Rhett A. "Tropical Rainforests: the Canopy." Mongabay. 2007. 10 May 2007 .

Holscher, Dirk, Lars Kohler, Albert I.j.k. Van Dijk, and Sampurno Bruijnzeel. "The Importance of Epiphytes to Total Rainfall Interception by a Tropical Montane Rain Forest in Costa Rica." Journal of Hydrology 292 (2004): 308-322. www.sciencedirect.com.

Kricher, John. A Neotropical Companion. 2nd ed. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1997.

Lowman, Margaret D. "Plants in the Forest Canopy: Some Reflections Onn Current Research Aand Future Direction." Plant Ecology 153 (2001): 39-50.

Winkler, Manuela, Karl Hulber, and Peter Heitz. "Population Dyanics of Epiphytic Bromeliads: Life Strategies and the Role of Host Branches." Basic and Applied Ecology 8 (2007): 183-196.

Yanoviak, Stephen P., Nalini M Nadkarni, and Jon C. Gering. "Arthopods in Epiphytes: a Diversity Compnent That is Not Effectively Sampled by Canopy Fogging." Biodiversity and Conservation 12 (2003): 731-741.


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