A beautiful sunset over Grahams Harbor, San Salvador, Bahamas. See other beautiful phenomena from the Bahamas.
I. Reef Rehabilitation vs. Restoration
b. Which is preferred by ecologists?
II. Indirect Action
a. Discussion on eliminating sources of anthropogenic disturbances
b. Why is this the best choice for restoration?
III. Reef Repair
a. Options for repair
a. Recovery and reattachment
V. Restoring Structural Integrity
a. Importance of Structural Features
VI. Restoring Topographic Complexity
a. Why reef topography is important
b. What can be done to aid in its restoration
c. Materials that are best for the surrounding environment
c. Decision Flow Chart for Possible Transplantation
VIII. Artificial Reefs
a. Goals of using artificial reefs
b. Affects on Surrounding Natural Environment
c. Attraction-Production Debate
f. Options for Materials
g. Options for Structures
IX. Coral Reef ‘Gardening’ and ‘Seeding’
a. Where gardened corals come from
b. Discussion of coral ‘seeding’
Precht, William. Coral Reef Restoration Handbook. 1st. Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2006.
Perkol-Finkel, S., Shashar, and Benayahu. "Can artificial reefs mimic natural reef communities? The roles of structural features and age." Marine Environmental Research 61(2006): 121-135.
Yap, Helen. "Coral reef "restoration" and coral transplantation." Marine Pollution Bulletin 46(2003): 529.
Yeemin, Thamasak, Sutthacheep, and Pettongma. "Coral reef restoration projects in Thailand." Ocean and Coastal Management 49(2006): 562-575.
Edwards, Alasdair, and Clark. "Coral Transplantation: A Useful Management Tool or Misguided Meddling?." Marine Pollution Bulletin 37(1998): 474-487.
Einbinder, Shai, Perelberg, Ben-Shaprut, Foucart, and Shashar. "Effects on artificial reefs on fish grazing in their vicinity: Evidence from algae presentation experiments." Marine Environmental research. 61(2006): 110-119.
Lan, Chun-Hsiung, and Hsui. "The deployment of artificial reef ecosystem: Modelling, simulation and application." Simulation Modelling Practice and Theory 14(2006): 663-675.
Yap, Helen. "The case for restoration of tropical coastal ecosystems." Ocean and Coastal Mangement 43(2000): 841-851.
Perkol-Finkel, S., and Benayahu. "Differential recruitment of benthic communities on neighboring artificial and natural reefs." Journal of Experiemental Marine Biology and Ecology 340(2007): 25-39.
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